Volume 8, Issue 30 (3-2018)                   jemr 2018, 8(30): 221-245 | Back to browse issues page

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Motaghi S. Comparative Analysis of Kuznets Hypothesis in Selected Developing Countries (Emphasis on Development Indicators). jemr. 2018; 8 (30) :221-245
URL: http://jemr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1585-en.html
Abstract:   (4071 Views)
The present paper reviews the impact of the development situation of 3 groups of selected developing countries on environment over the period of 1990 – 2014 using by Environment Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis. For this, it uses economic, social, human and political development factors with the variables that are as follows: GDP, GDP2 and energy consumption as economic development indicators, Urbanization as social and life expectancy at birth and fertility rates as human development indicators and good governance used as political indicator. The results show an inverted U-shaped relationship real GDP per capita and CO2 emission in oil-exporting and whole sample and a U-shaped in non-oil – exporting countries. In addition, the estimated results show a meaningful relationship between the CO2 emission and real GDP, energy use fertility rate, expectancy at birth and urbanization (development situation) in all three groups of the country.
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Type of Study: توسعه ای | Subject: انرژی، منابع و محیط زیست
Received: 2017/05/25 | Accepted: 2017/11/25 | Published: 2018/03/6

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