دوره 9، شماره 36 - ( 6-1398 )                   سال9 شماره 36 صفحات 127-162 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

DOI: 10.29252/jemr.9.36.127


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چکیده:   (767 مشاهده)
هدف اصلی این مقاله، بررسی تأثیر فساد بر هزینه های نظامی کشورهای منتخب درحال‌توسعه طی دور‌ه زمانی  2015-2000 می‌باشد. برای نیل به هدف مذکور، از یک مدل عمومی مخارج نظامی، دو شاخص: ادراک فساد و کنترل فساد، تحلیل‌های هم‌انباشتگی پانلی و برآوردگر گشتاورهای تعمیم‌یافته سیستمی (SGMM) دومرحله‌ای، استفاده شده است. نتایج برآورد مدل تحقیق نشان می‌دهد که اثر فساد بر هزینه های  نظامی کشورهای مورد مطالعه، مثبت و معنادار است. بر اساس سایر نتایج، متغیرهای مخارج غیرنظامی (به‌عنوان هزینه فرصت مخارج نظامی) و دموکراسی، اثر منفی و معناداری بر هزینه های نظامی کشورهای درحال‌توسعه داشته‌اند. جمعیت به‌عنوان یک متغیر اجتماعی، اثر مثبت و معناداری بر هزینه های نظامی کشورهای درحال‌توسعه داشته‌ است  که نشان می‌دهد دفاع یک کالای عمومی می‌باشد. متغیرهای درآمد سرانه و وقفه بار نظامی نیز تأثیر مثبت و معناداری برهزینه های  نظامی کشورهای مورد مطالعه داشته‌اند. متوسط هزینه هاینظامی کشورهای جهان نیز بر بار نظامی کشورهای درحال‌توسعه، اثر مثبت و معناداری داشته است که حاکی از وجود یک رقابت تسلیحاتی می‌باشد.
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نوع مطالعه: كاربردي | موضوع مقاله: سایر
دریافت: 1397/7/24 | پذیرش: 1398/4/18 | انتشار: 1398/7/2

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