Volume 11, Issue 43 (5-2021)                   jemr 2021, 11(43): 4-46 | Back to browse issues page

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Manzoor D, Rajabi S, Ranjbaran R. Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Primary Energy Consumption in MENA Countries: Energy Input-Output Analysis. jemr. 2021; 11 (43) :4-46
URL: http://jemr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2120-en.html
Abstract:   (517 Views)
With the outbreak of the coronavirus in countries around the world and its rapid spread, governments have decided to impose restrictions and social distancing. Restrictions and closures of businesses and economic activities, and changes in supply and demand patterns during this period, have exacerbated concerns among economists. This article deals with the issue of changing primary energy consumption in 18 countries in the MENA region. To this end, 10 different scenarios of the future state of the disease and its limitations have been considered. The results show that according to the best scenario (rapid and complete improvement of the epidemic), Libya with 4.38% and Iraq with 3.39% will have the largest decrease, and according to the worst-case scenario (explosive disease exacerbation and complete quarantine), Libya with 12.6% and Syria with 12.3% will have the greatest reduction in primary energy consumption. The three countries, Syria, Lebanon, and Iran, also had the most differences in the pessimistic and optimistic scenario. Also, taking into account the total changes in the primary energy consumption of these 18 countries, according to the most optimistic scenario, the primary energy consumption will be reduced by 1.5% and according to the worst-case scenario, it will be reduced by 8.8%.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: انرژی، منابع و محیط زیست
Received: 2021/01/19 | Accepted: 2021/06/28 | Published: 2021/09/12

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