دوره 11، شماره 43 - ( 3-1400 )                   سال11 شماره 43 صفحات 237-270 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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چکیده:   (168 مشاهده)
شناسایی رفتار حرکتی ادوار تجاری و عوامل مؤثر بر تشدید یا تضعیف آن‌ها همواره یکی از موضوعات مهم در حوزه اقتصاد کلان بوده است. با توجه به اهمیت ادوار تجاری و همچنین ساختار اقتصادی ویژه‌ای که کشورهای عضو اوپک دارند، مقاله حاضر به دنبال شناسایی رفتار ادوار تجاری در این کشورها است. این مطالعه با استفاده از روش‌های پانل کوانتایل به بررسی تأثیر متغیرهایی همچون مخارج دولتی، باز بودن تجاری، رشد نقدینگی، قیمت نفت و دو متغیر مجازی رکود جهانی و توافق برجام بر شکل‌گیری ادوار تجاری در کشورهای عضو اوپک در دوره 2000-2019 پرداخته است. نتایج نشان از آن دارد که مقادیر ضرایب هر یک از متغیرها در دهک‌های مختلف تفاوت معناداری با یکدیگر داشته‌اند. مخارج دولتی و باز بودن تجاری در دهک‌های ابتدایی تأثیر هم‌جهت با ادوار و در دهک نهایی خلاف جهت با ادوار بوده است. باز بودن تجاری نیز رفتاری مشابه با مخارج دولتی داشته است. اما بررسی متغیر رشد نقدینگی نشان از آن دارد که در دهک‌های ابتدایی و انتهایی هم‌جهت با ادوار تجاری و در دهک‌های میانی خلاف ادوار رفتار کرده است. قیمت نفت نیز همواره در جهت ادوار تجاری بوده است. متغیر توافق برجام در دهک‌های ابتدایی تأثیر بالایی در جهت ادوار تجاری داشته و رکود مالی جهانی نیز خلاف ادوار عمل کرده است.
متن کامل [PDF 491 kb]   (74 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: كاربردي | موضوع مقاله: رشد و توسعه و سیاست های کلان
دریافت: 1399/10/13 | پذیرش: 1400/3/18 | انتشار: 1400/6/21

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