Volume 3, Issue 10 (3-2013)                   jemr 2013, 3(10): 99-123 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (6979 Views)

  Today the quantitative assessment of economic and social impacts of petroleum products supply constraints is one of the main policy issues in Iran. This issue arises from the fact that importing gasoline, gasoil and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is restricted by international sanctions. In this paper, we showed that a demand driven Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) is not a suitable tool for answering the above question. So, a modified SAM, known as mixed supply driven SAM is suggested. For this purpose the energy SAM of 2006 is used.

  The overall results reveal that: 1) Petroleum products supply constraints have the most impacts on crude oil and natural gas, retail and wholesale, chemical and agricultural sectors.2) Operating surplus has the most reduction among the other production factors. Results also showed that the fall of urban income as a consequence of supply constraints is more than rural labor either relatively or absolutely.

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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: انرژی، منابع و محیط زیست
Received: 2012/11/7 | Accepted: 2013/04/21 | Published: 2013/04/21