دوره 10، شماره 39 - ( 3-1399 )                   سال10 شماره 39 صفحات 149-185 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Falahati A, Nazari S, Poshtehkeshi M. Institutional Quality, Natural Resource Rent, and Shadow Economy. jemr. 2020; 10 (39) :149-185
URL: http://jemr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1653-fa.html
فلاحتی علی، نظری سهیلا، پشته کشی مریم. کیفیت نهادی، رانت منابع طبیعی و اقتصاد سایه. فصلنامه تحقیقات مدل سازی اقتصادی. 1399; 10 (39) :149-185

URL: http://jemr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1653-fa.html


چکیده:   (246 مشاهده)
رانت منابع طبیعی از کانال¬های متفاوتی بر اقتصاد کشورها اثرگذار است. انتظار می¬رود درآمد ناشی از فروش منابع طبیعی موجب رونق اقتصادی کشورها شود، اما تجربه اقتصادی دهه¬های اخیر نشان‌دهنده مشکلات پرشمار اقتصادی در این کشورهاست که شاید مهم‌ترین آن¬ها افزایش حجم اقتصاد سایه باشد. از سویی نهادها تعیین¬کننده محورهای مهم اقتصادی از جمله توزیع منابع و دارایی¬ها در جامعه هستند، به گونه¬ای که سطح کیفیت نهادی موجب هدایت منابع و تخصیص بهینه آن¬ها شده و از طریق ثبات اقتصادی و کاهش نااطمینانی بر حجم اقتصاد سایه اثرگذار است. در پژوهش حاضر، هدف آن است تا اثر رانت منابع طبیعی و کیفیت نهادی بر اقتصاد سایه در 87 کشور با تورم بالا و تورم پایین طی دوره 2018-2000 مورد بررسی قرار گیرد. روش تجزیه‌وتحلیل مطالعه، گشتاورهای تعمیم‌یافته سیستمی  است. برای برآورد اقتصاد سایه از نرم¬افزار Smart PLS استفاده‌ شده است. یافته‌های این مطالعه نشان می¬دهند که در هردو گروه کشورهای با تورم پایین و کشورهای با تورم بالا، افزایش کیفیت نهادی، حجم اقتصاد سایه را کاهش داده و رانت منابع طبیعی نیز رابطه¬ای مثبت با حجم اقتصاد سایه داشته است.
متن کامل [PDF 473 kb]   (83 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: كاربردي | موضوع مقاله: سایر
دریافت: 1398/1/5 | پذیرش: 1398/12/20 | انتشار: 1399/4/31

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