Volume 11, Issue 42 (12-2020)                   jemr 2020, 11(42): 157-186 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

soleimanimagham Y, Nademi Y, chegeni M. The Effect of Misery Index on the Rate of Crime in the Provinces of Iran. jemr 2020; 11 (42) :157-186
URL: http://jemr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2090-en.html
1- University of Tehran , soleimani.yahya93@gmail.com
2- Ayatollah Boroujerdi University
Abstract:   (3389 Views)
Crime is a phenomenon that exists in all societies and affects the useful functioning of different parts of a country. Also, Iranian society is not safe from the harms of this phenomenon. Given the destructive effects of crime in society, recognizing the factors affecting it makes it possible to fight it more effectively. For this purpose, this study has investigated the effect of misery index on the rate of theft in 30 provinces of the country during the years 2008-2018. In order to achieve this goal, the Panel generalized method of moment (GMM) has been used. The findings of this study have shown that the misery index has an increasing effect on the crime of theft. In other words, the misery index through the two channels of inflation and unemployment has destructive effects on people's living standards and puts them on the path of committing crimes such as theft.
Full-Text [PDF 1317 kb]   (1249 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: سایر
Received: 2020/09/21 | Accepted: 2021/02/15 | Published: 2021/04/20

1. Abbasinejad Hossein, Ramezani Hadi, Sadeghi Mina. (2012). the Relationship between Unemployment and Crime in Iran: A Panel Data Approach. Journal of Economic Research and Policies. (64): 65-86. (in Persian)
2. Abbasinejad Hossein, Sadeghi Mina, Ramezani Hadi. (2014) the Relationship between Social Crimes and Economic Variables in Iran. Journal of Planning and Budget; 19 (3): 69-92. (in Persian)
3. Adekoya, A. F. & Abdul Razak, N. A. (2016). Inflation, Deterrence and Crime: Evidence from Nigeria using Bounds Test Approach. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 7(18), 23-32.
4. Ajide, F. M. (2019). Institutional quality, Economic misery and crime rate in Nigeria. Economics and Business, 33(1), 170-182. [DOI:10.2478/eb-2019-0012]
5. Aliverdinia, A. (2015). Crime Prevention Management in Iran. Quarterly Journal of The Macro and Strategic Policies, 2(Vol 2- No 8), 37-58
6. Armin, F. (2020, March). Analysis of the Effects of Education, Unemployment, Poverty, and Income Inequality on Crime in Indonesia. In 4th Padang International Conference on Education, Economics, Business and Accounting (PICEEBA-2 2019) (pp. 368-374). Atlantis Press. [DOI:10.2991/aebmr.k.200305.092]
7. Baltagi, B. H. (2008)." Econometric analysis of Panel data",Chichester: John Wiley &Sons Ltd.
8. Becker, G. (1968). Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach. The Journal of Political Economy, 76(2), 169-217 [DOI:10.1086/259394]
9. Buonanno, P. & Vargas, J. F. (2019). Inequality, Crime, and the long run Legacy of Slavery. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 159, 539-552 [DOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2017.12.022]
10. Bond, S. (2002)." Dynamic panel models: a guide to micro data methods and practice", Institute for Fiscal Studies, Department of Economics, UCL,CEMMAP (Centre for Microdata Methods and practice). [DOI:10.1920/wp.cem.2002.0902]
11. Canter & Youngs (2016) Crime and society, Contemporary Social Science, 11:4, 283-288, DOI: 10.1080/21582041.2016.1259495 [DOI:10.1080/21582041.2016.1259495]
12. Cantor, D. & Land, K. C. (1985). Unemployment and Crime rate in the post-world war II United States: A theoretical and empirical analysis. American Sociological Review, 50(3), 317-332. [DOI:10.2307/2095542]
13. Chalfin, A. (2015). Economic costs of Crime. The encyclopedia of crime and punishment, 1-12. [DOI:10.1002/9781118519639.wbecp193]
14. Choe, J. (2008). Income inequality and Crime in the United States. Economics Letters, 101(1), 31-33. [DOI:10.1016/j.econlet.2008.03.025]
15. Dadgar, Yadollah, Nazari, Ruhollah. (2016). Investigation of crime in Iran using several economic models. Journal of Law Research, 19 (74), 59-78. (in Persian)
16. Dadgar, Yadollah, Nazari, Ruhollah. (1392). The Impact of Misery Index on Crime in Iran. Journal of Economic Studies and Policy, 9 (2), 63-86. (in Persian)
17. Danesh, Taj Zaman (2006) Who is the culprit? What is criminology? Third Edition, Tehran, Kayhan. (in Persian)
18. Dargahi Hasan, Ghasemi Mojtaba & Fatollahi Sajad. (2020). The Impacts of Bounced Checks on Economic Growth Through the Banking Credit Risk Channel Emphasis on Enforcement of Laws: Provincial Panel Approach. jemr. 10 (40), 7-32. (in Persian) [DOI:10.29252/jemr.10.40.7]
19. Deadman, D. & MacDonald, Z. (2002). Why has crime fallen? An Economic Perspective. Economic Affairs, 22(3), 5-14. [DOI:10.1111/1468-0270.00365]
20. Devin, J. A, J. F. Shelley, and M. D. Smith (1988), Macroeconomic and Social-control Policy influences on Crime-Rates changes, 1948-1985," American Socilogical Review, 53: 407-420. [DOI:10.2307/2095648]
21. Ebrahimi, Mehrzad and Chakarzehi, Abdolwahab. (2015).The Relationship Between Inflation, Unemployment and Crime Rates in Iran. Strategic Research on Social Issues in Iran, 4 (2), 113-127. (in Persian)
22. Faizpour, Mohammad Ali; Jafari Mohammad and Soheili Reza, (2018), Index of Misery and Crime in Iran 1384-1384, Conference on National Production and Sustainable Employment, Challenges and Strategies, Boroujerd, Ayatollah Boroujerdi University. (in Persian).
23. Fotros M H, Dalaei Milan A, Ghorbanseresht M (2012). Effects of Poverty, Unemployment, and Urbanization on Committing Property Crimes in Iran. Social Welfare Journal. (46): 279-317. (in Persian)
24. Fukuyama, F (1997). Social Capital and the Modern Capitalist Economy: Creating a High Trust Workplace. Stem Business Magazine, 4(1), 56-71.
25. Green, W.H. (2003)." Econometric Analysis". New York: Prentice-Hall.
26. Gould, E. D. Weinberg, B. A. & Mustard, D. B. (2002). Crime rates and local labor market opportunities in the United States: 1979-1997. Review of Economics and statistics, 84(1), 45-61. [DOI:10.1162/003465302317331919]
27. Hansen, K. & Machin, S. (2002). Spatial crime patterns and the introduction of the UK minimum wage. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 64, 677-697. [DOI:10.1111/1468-0084.64.s.6]
28. Heeks, M. Reed, S. Tafsiri, M. & Prince, S. (2018). The Economic and Social costs of Crime. London, UK: Home Office.
29. Hosseini Nejad, Seyed Morteza. (2005). Investigating the economic causes of crime in Iran using a Panel Data model. Journal of Planning and Budgeting, 10 (6), 35-81. (in Persian)
30. Hosseinpour, Hojjat and Savari, Jabbar and Divasalar, Yadollah and Faraj Elahi, Hassan (2015). the Relationship between Income Distribution and Crime: A Case Study of Middle Eastern Countries (2002-2004), 3rd International Conference on Management and Economics, Mashhad. (in Persian)
31. Janabi, (2013), The effect of industrialization and urbanization on crime rates in Iran, Thesis, Faculty of Management and Economics, Bahonar Kerman. (in Persian)
32. Kafili, Vahid. (1395). Socio-economic determinants of crime and its effect on the convergence of growth and development in Iran. PhD Thesis: Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. (in Persian)
33. Kaldy. (2002). Deviation, Crime and Prevention. Social Welfare Journal, 1 (3), 51-72. (in Persian).
34. Kaveh, Mohammad, (2012). Pathology of Social Diseases, Tehran: Sociologists Publishing, First Edition. (in Persian)
35. Lobonţ, O. R. Nicolescu, A. C. Moldovan, N. C. & Kuloğlu, A. (2017). The effect of Socioeconomic factors on Crime rates in Romania: a Macro-level analysis. Economic research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 30(1), 91-111 [DOI:10.1080/1331677X.2017.1305790]
36. Machin, S. Marie, O. & Vujić, S. (2011). The Crime reducing effect of Education. The Economic Journal, 121(552), 463-484 [DOI:10.1111/j.1468-0297.2011.02430.x]
37. McCollister, K. E. French, M. T. & Fang, H. (2010). The cost of Crime to Society: New crime-specific estimates for policy and program evaluation. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. [DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.12.002]
38. mehrara, M. mohammadian nikpey, E. (2015). Economic Investigation of the Crime and It's Inter-Provincial Spillover Effects in Iran: A Spatial Panel Approach. Economic Modeling, 9(29), 43-62.
39. Moazami, Shahla (2009) Juvenile delinquency, first edition, Tehran Dadgostar. (in Persian)
40. Monjzab, Mohammad Reza. Nosrat Reza. (2018). Advanced econometric models: Mehraban publishing. First Edition. (in Persian)
41. Nademi, Younes, Riahi, Javad. (2017). New Findings about Economic Roots of Crimes Harmful to Public Security: Case Study of Records of Theft in Iran. Majlis and Rahbord, 25(93), 183-208. (in Persian)
42. Niazpour, Amir Hassan. (2014). Fundamentalization of crime prevention rights in Iran. Journal of Criminal Law Research, 2 (6), 91-111. (in Persian)
43. Noghani Dokht Bahmani, M. Mir Mohamad Tabar, S. (2015). Study of Economic Factors Affecting the Crime (Meta-analysis of Research Conducted in Iran). Strategic Rssearch on Social Problems in Iran University of Isfahan, 4(3), 85-102.
44. Panahi Hossein, Sattar Rostami Hemmat, (2017). The Relationship between Economic Growth and Crime: Evidence from Iran, Journal of Economic Research and Policy, 25 (83), 239-263. (in Persian)
45. Rosenfeld, R. Vogel, M. & McCuddy, T. (2019). Crime and Inflation in US cities. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 35(1), 195-210. [DOI:10.1007/s10940-018-9377-x]
46. Recher, V. (2020). Unemployment and Property Crime: evidence from Croatia. Crime, Law and Social Change, 73(3), 357-376 [DOI:10.1007/s10611-019-09865-2]
47. Sadeghi, Hossein, Shaghaghi Shahri Vahid, Asghar Poor, Hossein. (2005). Analysis of economic factors affecting crime in Iran. Journal of Economic Research, 40. (1). (in Persian)
48. Samadi, Ali Hossein (1392). Inflation, Unemployment and Economic Crime. Social Welfare; 13 (51): 214-189. (in Persian)
49. Sarirafraz, Mohammad; Somayeh Sadat Makian and Fatemeh Fahimifar, (2008), Crime Prevention: Laying The Foundations for a safe Society, Second Conference of the Safe Society of Tehran, Tehran, Tehran Municipality. (in Persian)
50. Shabbir, S. Ali, Q. & Yaseen, M. R. (2017). Crime and Labor Market: A panel data analysis. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, 6(3), pp-343
51. Shokrollahi, Roghayeh and Hossein Ostad Hassanlou, (2011), The Impact of Education on Crime in Society, The First National Conference on Education in Iran 1404, Tehran, Research Institute for Science, Technology and Industry Policy. (in Persian)
52. Tang, C. F. & Lean, H. H. (2009). New evidence from the Misery index in the Crime function. Economics Letters, 102(2), 112-115. [DOI:10.1016/j.econlet.2008.11.026]
53. Taylor, R. B. (1995). The impact of Crime on Communities. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 539(1), 28-45. [DOI:10.1177/0002716295539001003]
54. Teles, V. K. (2004) 'The Effects of Macroeconomic Policies on Crime', Economics Bulletin, vol. 11,no. 1, pp. 1-9.
55. Vital, T. De Souza, D. M. & Faciroli, J. (2020). Unemployment, poverty and police performance: an ARDL analysis of crime in Sã o Paulo. Economics Bulletin, 40(1), 128-139.
56. Wickramasekera, N. Wright, J. Elsey, H. Murray, J. & Tubeuf, S. (2015). Cost of crime: A systematic review. Journal of Criminal Justice, 43(3), 218-228. [DOI:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2015.04.009]
57. Wooldridge, J. M. (2001). Applications of generalized method of moments estimation. Journal of Economic perspectives, 15(4), 87-100. [DOI:10.1257/jep.15.4.87]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Economic Modeling Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb